The main role of a dermatologist is to provide early detection of skin issues and offer options for skin cancer treatment when needed. It is important that patients are familiar with the signs of skin disease, as this helps individuals catch problems early on. Below is a look at four different types of skin cancer and the types of treatment that are commonly used.

Actinic Keratoses

Commonly referred to as solar keratoses, actinic keratoses appears as small, scaly spots on your skin. It is actually considered the earliest type of skin cancer. As a general rule, it is located on the face, neck, ears, arms, and back of the hands. If this type of skin cancer is detected early on, it can be treated with options that are considered minimally invasive like topical chemotherapy creams or lotions, chemical peeling, dermabrasion, laser surgery, and cryotherapy. However, depending on the severity of the case, advanced treatment may be necessary.

Basal Cell Carcinoma

This is another type of skin cancer that tends to show up on the head, neck, and hands as red patches or small fleshy bumps. Generally, it will not grow fast, but it is recommended that individuals with fair skin visit a dermatologist for routine exams. If this type of cancer is left untreated, it may extend below the skin, affecting the nerves and bones resulting in severe damage. Treatment for basal cell carcinoma is generally performed through an assortment of medical as well as surgical procedures, which may include scraping, cutting, and burning the cancerous tumor. Some other potential treatment options include micrographic surgery and laser surgery.

Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinoma is a type of skin cancer that is most commonly found in fair-skinned individuals and tends to appear on the face, ears, lips, and mouth. During the early stages, this cancer looks like a red, scaly patch. It is considered a very dangerous illness due to the fact that it can quickly grow and spread to other areas of the body. Physicians can use a variety of medical treatments, surgical procedures, topical chemotherapy, photodynamic therapy, and radiation therapy when treating this type of skin cancer.

All skin cancers are different, and they affect each individual differently. If you believe that you may have skin cancer, it is imperative that you schedule an appointment with your dermatologist immediately for a thorough examination. If you are diagnosed with skin cancer, the chances of a successful skin cancer treatment is higher if the cancer is caught early on.